The Roche limit is just the distance from Jupiter at which the "stretching" of the object by Jupiter's tidal force exceeds the internal gravitational force of the object.
So certainly in some sense yes, 35 minutes is long enough for the Earth to "break up". Anything loose on the surface, such as dust and litter and the atmosphere and pedestrians and the hydrosphere, which in astronomical terms is all "part of the Earth", will start to fall away from the surface of the Earth, starting at the Roche limit. Note that this happens on both sides, with things "falling" either towards or away from Jupiter, for much the same reason that there are two high tides per day.
However, the Earth has some tensile strength, which means that anything "nailed down" will need to be closer to Jupiter before it comes free of the surface. Over the course of 35 minutes, Earth probably isn't very ductile (or anyway its surface isn't), so it's not really a question of time, so much as the magnitude of the force. Rock won't slowly give over 35 minutes, like stretching gum with a constant force until it thins out and comes into two pieces. It will reach breaking point and shatter catastrophically or it won't.
Tidal force goes as the inverse cube of distance, so it will ramp up quite quickly over the course of that 35 minutes to impact. However, the limit you state is little more than 1/3 the diameter of Jupiter, so I suspect that most of the Earth will still be in one piece when it "impacts" (or "enters" if you prefer) the surface of Jupiter. A geologist or an architect might come along and contradict me, though, since rock doesn't have a whole lot of tensile strength compared with its weight. So it might only require that the tidal force reaches a small proportion above Earth-weight before great chunks of rock come loose (or, you know, continents).
Furthermore, I reckon that to anyone standing on the surface, it will feel like the planet is breaking up before it actually does. Any tidal deformation of the core will break up the less-fluid surface, even before it detaches.