I recently saw a documentary about Project Orion - nuclear pulse engine - that would reach a staggering 3-5% of the speed of light. How long would a ship take to get to Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn at that speed, assuming the spacecraft starts its journey form LEO.

  • $\begingroup$ Wikipedia lists the round-trip time for a subproposal at 3 years to Saturn. $\endgroup$ Sep 20, 2015 at 1:27
  • $\begingroup$ That estimated time is for return trip + time spent there. I am looking strictly for the time it would take to get there at 3% and 5%. I am more interested in the time it would take to reach 3-5% at 1g constant acceleration. Tried to do the maths but it is beyond me $\endgroup$
    – John
    Sep 20, 2015 at 3:31

1 Answer 1


3-5% of the speed of light would only be achievable for a really long duration mission. It just isn't efficient enough to do that kind of acceleration, and it takes a really long time to achieve. Okay, so how long would it take? The math is pretty easy, it's just speed/ acceleration. c=300,000,000 m/s, g= 9.8 m/s^2, so just find the speed, divide by 9.8, and you have the time it would take to accelerate that fast (Ignoring relativity, which doesn't really start to apply until 10% of the speed of light)

  • 3%- 917,000 seconds.
  • 5%- 1,529,000 seconds.

Okay, so both are a large time, measured in the large numbers of days. How long would it take to get to the various places? Assuming 3% c, and no acceleration time, here's what it would take:

  • Mars- 25,000 seconds
  • Jupiter- 88,000 seconds
  • Saturn- 135,000 seconds

See that the acceleration time is much higher than the time it would take to get there. Bottom line is, a constant 1 g accelerate, and then change to 1 g decelerate would be optimal. See this question for answers to that specific problem.

It's also worth mentioning the deceleration problem. You can only go that fast one way, you can't slow down. There are tricks to slowing down using things like the magnetic field, solar sails, etc, which effectively make this possible. It's just worth mentioning to keep in mind that you eventually have to slow down.

The 3-5% isn't actually Project Orion, BTW, but a derivative called Project Daedalus. In fact, Daedalus could achieve even higher speeds. Daedalus is a bigger ship, using thermonuclear devices to achieve higher ISP, and really only works for going interstellar.

  • $\begingroup$ ...and even then it would take a hundred years to get to the closest star. $\endgroup$
    – user
    Sep 21, 2015 at 14:15
  • $\begingroup$ Your travel time numbers are wrong. I suspect you lost a zero off the Saturn time but I haven't calculated them. $\endgroup$ Sep 21, 2015 at 22:44
  • $\begingroup$ 1,529,000 is a bit less than 18 days, for those wondering. $\endgroup$ Sep 22, 2015 at 7:18

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