As the title states, if a space shuttle 2.0 were to be built with current technology, in which ways or areas might it be superior to the original space shuttle? Which components could we improve? and how big would be the gained advantage by this improvement?
Imagine you are the lead engineer of NASA / a company working for NASA. A new president magically makes the Senate agree to pump hundreds of billions of dollars into NASA and tells you: "I want a new Shuttle! and I want it to be the most advanced toy we ever had!"
- Space Shuttle: a vertical launch, horizontal landing orbiter, with the ability to lift at least 25 tons to LEO + a maximum of 7 crew members (and the ability to support the Crew for at least 14 days).
- Goal of the question: Clarification about the advancements in spaceflight technologies in the last 34 years.