What range of orbital elements (inclination, apogee, eccenticity) was available for the space shuttle? What range has it really achieved? What were the engineered limits?
All the shuttles launched from KSC has a maximum inclination of 57 degrees(latitudes between 60 N and 60 S) .
Azimuths greater than 120 degrees to the southeast (i.e., inclinations greater than 39 degrees) are not allowed because they overfly the Bahamas just off the coast of Florida, not to mention the extreme eastern tip of Cuba and Haiti.
usually circular (almost)with the the altitude of 200 km to 600 km
but for STS-125
Perigee 486 kilometres (302 mi)
Apogee 578 kilometres (359 mi)
Period 97 min