I know there are some satellites in space that monitor specific things in order for us to be able to forecast the weather. Next to this I would like to know what other elements (mostly related to nature) do satellites monitor on earth? Deforestation?
Deforestation, sea levels (Jason), snow/ice cover(JPSS), amount of water vapor in the air (JPSS, GOES), lightning (GOES), cloud cover (JPSS, GOES), forest fires (JPSS, GOES), geomagnetic storms (DSCOVR), ozone levels (Jason)...
I'm sure there is a bunch of other stuff that I'm forgetting.
These are mostly NOAA operated satellites (though I think they have some NASA instruments on them). They are mostly weather / atmospheric science related.
Here are some link you might find interesting: