I presume you are referring to the five Lagrange points for the earth and the sun (SE) and the five points for the earth and the moon (EM), to get to your tally of ten points.
Broadly speaking for systems like SE and EM, L1-3 lie in a straight line between the bodies and are unstable. L4 and L5 are pretty stable when the larger body is ~>25 times the size of the smaller one. This is just about true for EM and is obviously true for the earth and sun.
Practically speaking l4 and l5 are generally not as useful as the other Lagrange points in terms of sun earth observation, getting shielding from the sun or as a staging point for BEO exploration.
You may have heard of the three body problem, and this is the reason why there is no definitive long term stable orbit at L1-3.
There are some relatively predictable associated orbits called Lissajous orbits which don't solve the three body problem but can let you park a spacecraft in an orbit around any of the L1-3 points with some very minimal station keeping. These are the orbits that have been used to date for satellites, but are not very useful for storing a large asteroid unless we also add a large enough propulsion system to keep it in the Lissajous orbit.