I understand (I think) that a vehicle on or near a planet with greater mass - such as the Juno probe entering Jupiter's orbit soon- will experience time slightly slower relative to us on Earth. However, I'm having trouble wrapping my head around if and how that impacts the mission.
- If the probe is set to take a measurement once per second in "Jupiter Time" and sends them to Earth, what will the interval between measurements be to an Earth observer?
- How do such missions really operate in practice? For example, when Juno has to do a "30 minute burn" to enter orbit, is that in Jupiter minutes or Earth minutes? What do they set the timer to on the craft?
- If you have a 100Mhz processor does it operate slower speed (from our perspective on Earth) when nearer massive objects such as Jupiter or the Sun?
- Or is the difference so negligible that none of this matters until we send a probe to a black hole?