As noted, propulsive inclination changes are expensive, so planning tends to avoid them. There was at least one unplanned one I know of. It was ~2 degrees, so for some values of "large"...
Early Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (TDRS) were deployed from the shuttle and used the large solid-fueled Inertial Upper Stage (IUS) to move them from low earth orbit to their planned geosynchronous station.
The first one did not go as planned though. A burn-through in the IUS nozzle left the TDRS in a 19,300 x 11,000 nautical mile orbit inclined 2 degrees to the equator and spinning at 180 degrees/second.
An ingenious plan was devised where careful use of the TDRS's small attitude control thrusters (1 pound-force) stabilized the spacecraft and over the long period between 5 April and 29 June corrected the orbital errors including the inclination using 39 separate burns. Even though early in the maneuver a thruster exploded due to being used in a manner it was never designed for.
Reference: Rescue in Space - TDRS Flight 1