JunoCam used different technologies than does the typical framing camera one buys at a store. A typical digital color camera uses a Bayer filter pattern, a row of alternating tiny blue and green filters, followed by a row of alternating tiny green and red filters, each filter covering a pixel, followed by a row of alternating tiny blue and green filters, and so on. JunoCam instead has four filter strips, each of which is 1600 pixels wide. Three are in the visible range, the standard red, green, and blue filters based on how the human eye works. The fourth is in the near infrared and is designed to see methane. Each of the three visible filter strips are about 150 pixels high; the methane filter strip is a somewhat larger than one of the visible filter strips.
JunoCam uses two other concepts that you don't see in the typical digital camera. One is time delay and integration. The lighting level at Jupiter is about 1/27th of the lighting level at Earth's orbit (Jupiter orbits at about 5.2 AU). Juno rotates at 2 RPM. A short duration exposure would result in too much noise due to the low lighting. A low duration exposure would be too blurry thanks to that rotation. Time delay and integration means taking a series of short duration exposures and integrating them together by shifting the subsequent images to account for rotation.
The other key technique is that JunoCam is a pushframe imager as opposed to a framing imager. A frame results when the time delay and integration is complete (the number of TDI steps is commandable). This frame is pushed onto local memory. JunoCam alternates between visible and methane channel, so that means that another visible frame will be produced a minute later thanks to JunoCam's 2 RPM rotation rate. The result is a jumble of partially overlapping framelets that need extensive ground processing to make sense of the imagery.
JunoCam was designed to yield optimal performance at one hour before and one hour after closest approach. This should give good performance at closest approach, but more importantly should also give good performance over Jupiter's polar regions. JunoCam won't perform so well Juno is far from Jupiter (which is most of its orbit).