# How many people have returned to Earth in a different type of vehicle than the one that launched them into space?

Recently we had the 15 year anniversary of Expedition 1 of the ISS. That particular crew launched in a Soyuz (TM-31) and returned on a Space Shuttle (Discovery, STS-102), which I found a remarkable aspect for a space mission!

Which led me to wonder who else has returned to Earth in a different type of vehicle than the one in which they launched? After a little searching around I found that ISS Expedition 6 launched on a Space Shuttle (Endeavour, STS-113) and returned in a Soyuz (Soyuz TMA-1), but my quick superficial search didn't uncover anyone else. I thus tallied a total of six people from trips to the ISS.

The only other missions I found were Shuttle trips to Mir. For example it looks like STS-71 (Atlantis) picked up three Russian cosmonauts who had launched on Soyuz TM-21, and dropped off two at Mir to return on Soyuz TM-21. There are probably more, but I had no easy way of searching. So if anyone has an easy way to extract that information, maybe we can compile the full list? I've collected the ones I have found so far in a comment below.

• I don't have ready access to Mir data, but my quick check of the ISS crew rotations indicates that you got all the dissimilar vehicles to and from it. – Organic Marble Nov 4 '16 at 1:33
• Do different models of Soyuz count? – Russell Borogove Mar 29 '17 at 15:59

Here is the list of people (11) I have found so far:
William M. Shepherd (Soyuz TM-31, ISS, STS-102)
Sergei Krikalev (Soyuz TM-31, ISS, STS-102)
Yuri Gidzenko (Soyuz TM-31, ISS, STS-102)
Kenneth D. Bowersox (STS-113, ISS, Soyuz TMA-1)
Donald R. Pettit (STS-113, ISS, Soyuz TMA-1)
Nikolai Budarin (STS-113, ISS, Soyuz TMA-1)
Norman Thagard (Soyuz TM-21 -> Mir -> STS-71)
Gennady Strekalov (Soyuz TM-21 -> Mir -> STS-71)
Vladimir Dezhurov (Soyuz TM-21 -> Mir -> STS-71)
Anatoly Solovyev (STS-71, Mir, Soyuz TM-21)
Nikolai Budarin (STS-71, Mir, Soyuz TM-21)

This is a temporary answer just to illustrate an optional alternate format. Four leading spaces converts to equal-spaced font for easier to see tabular format. I added dates from Wikipedia and grouped by launch.

There should not be two concurrent tables, someone with better organizational skill and eye for detail should intervene.

I've kept the commas. This way if someone copies/pastes somewhere it maintains unambiguous delimiters.

14-Mar-1995
Norman Thagard,       Soyuz TM-21,   Mir,  STS-71
Gennady Strekalov,    Soyuz TM-21,   Mir,  STS-71
Vladimir Dezhurov,    Soyuz TM-21,   Mir,  STS-71

27-Jun-1995:
Anatoly Solovyev,     STS-71,        Mir,  Soyuz TM-21
Nikolai Budarin,      STS-71,        Mir,  Soyuz TM-21

31-Oct-2000
William M. Shepherd,  Soyuz TM-31,   ISS,  STS-102
Sergei Krikalev,      Soyuz TM-31,   ISS,  STS-102
Yuri Gidzenko,        Soyuz TM-31,   ISS,  STS-102

23-Nov-2002:
Kenneth D. Bowersox,  STS-113,       ISS,  Soyuz TMA-1
Donald R. Pettit,     STS-113,       ISS,  Soyuz TMA-1
Nikolai Budarin,      STS-113,       ISS,  Soyuz TMA-1

• TildalWave used to use this format for tabular data, but since then SE staff have advised against using the code format for this purpose. However, until a better way to provide tabular data exists, I won't interfere with anyone using it this way. – called2voyage Jun 5 '17 at 13:33
• Well this interesting dor a few reasons. Before the equispaced font with gray background block becomes a living, breathing block of code, 1) the SE site must choose to activate syntax highlighting and I believe a supported language must appear in the tags of the question. Interesting because I've already invoked the cheezeburger cat on the former. But even if the cheezeburger were to be allocated, without a supported computer language tag wouldn't the equispaced font tables remain inert? – uhoh Jun 6 '17 at 4:27
• @called2voyage I'm not advocating either way (explicitly at least), just exploring the nature of any potential future failure modes. There may of course be rules and/or guidelines, don't know about that yet, but I have a hunch there are SE sites that have syntax highlighting enabled where the equispaced font blocks are also used as tables. I'd guess Blender SE might have a few such instances, so maybe there is precident in parallel universes as well as the local timeline? – uhoh Jun 6 '17 at 4:32
• The other reason this is interesting is that I seem to be collecting upvotes for someone elses effort and answer just by reformatting. That wasn't my plan. If the table is OK for now, then maybe someone should just reformat the original answer (I'm typing on a phone). fyi I've used tables a few times now; here and here. It's really useful to have a way to show taabular data correctly in an Engineering related site. – uhoh Jun 6 '17 at 4:47
• Just to keep track; it's used in Chemistry SE also. – uhoh Jun 17 '17 at 5:55