No, unless you have a rather massive and long pole. To be in a stable orbit, your center of mass1 must be at a particular point with a particular velocity. Rearranging your own mass without expelling any will not work as you cannot move your own center of mass.
However, with a long enough pole, the inverse square effects come into play, so one can change the net gravitational attraction by moving a pole back and forth, and thus regain the orbit.
1. The mass distribution will change your rotational properties, but not the revolutionary ones which depend on the position and velocity of the COM, assuming a near-homogeneous gravity field..