27
$\begingroup$

Source:Discovery

The image above was taken from the Curiosity rover (I hope). There appears to be a coin in the image.

Is that really a coin or some kind of button? Is it really present on the rover?

If it is indeed a coin, why is it there?

$\endgroup$

2 Answers 2

26
$\begingroup$

Yes, this is a real Lincoln cent and it makes part of the camera calibration target for the Mars Hand Lens Imager (MAHLI) instrument.

A geologist tradition is to place coins (or other object of a known size) besides photographed objects to show the scale of the photograph. This seems to be a homage to this tradition.

For details see:

$\endgroup$
5
  • 11
    $\begingroup$ Why didn't they just use a banana? $\endgroup$
    – IQAndreas
    Commented Oct 19, 2014 at 7:27
  • 4
    $\begingroup$ I'd like to imagine the procurement procedure for that penny, including a call for the lowest bid. $\endgroup$
    – Pavel
    Commented Nov 29, 2018 at 14:19
  • $\begingroup$ The link has changed mars.nasa.gov/resources/3803/lincoln-cent-on-mars-rover $\endgroup$
    – Pere
    Commented Oct 30, 2023 at 21:39
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ Some people might assume that NASA spent a bunch of money purchasing a rare and valuable coin to send to space. But the coin they would be thinking of is a 1909-S VDB (San Francisco mint, artist's initials) of which very few were minted before being pulled out of circulation because of controversy about including the artist's initials. The lack of a mint mark on the Curiosity coin however indicates Philadelphia mint. No way to know if it was VDB without turning it over, although the CoinNews.net link says it was VDB. Even so, Philadelphia 1909 VDB pennies are not all that rare. $\endgroup$ Commented Nov 2, 2023 at 18:44
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ slightly related: Is there any money in space? $\endgroup$
    – uhoh
    Commented Nov 4, 2023 at 2:49
22
$\begingroup$

When calibrating a camera, there are typically 3 things that are used:

  1. Some sort of a color pallet
  2. A line chart of some sort to identify the fine resolution
  3. A real object, to make sure there isn't something fundamentally wrong.

NASA followed this same suit, choosing the penny to be the real object, claiming that it give homage to the practice of using coins to get a sense of scale in photographs. If you take a look below, you will see color calibration targets, resolution targets, and the penny, for the final touch of realism.

enter image description here

As for why that particular coin, NASA states:

The coin is from 1909. That was the first year Lincoln pennies were minted and the centennial of Abraham Lincoln's birth.

$\endgroup$
1
  • 7
    $\begingroup$ Having a known circular object in the frame allows the calibration of pixel aspect ratio and/or the angle of view at any relative orientation. $\endgroup$ Commented Sep 27, 2013 at 22:42

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.