I know in the lower levels of the stratosphere we can still have 100 mph winds albeit low density winds. Could I possibly go high enough in a balloon or imaginary vertical craft that I would go above the atmosphere and remain relatively stationary at that altitude and the earth rotates away underneath me? IOW, 24 hours would go by and I can return (descend vertically) to around same lat long I launched from just one day later. What altitude would that be? Or would earth's gravity always tug me along to some degree as it rotates?
What are the physics that describe this?