I think that the new Mars rover in 2020 will make oxygen, from thin Martian atmosphere. I think Mars' atmosphere is 90% $CO_2$. Carbon dioxide is made of $C$ and $O_2$. $O_2$ is oxygen, so can't we separate oxygen from carbon dioxide? We only need to release the carbon, don't we?

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    $\begingroup$ Carbon dioxide may be split in carbon and oxygen only when the necessary energy is added. There is no free oxygen. Burning carbon with oxygen releases thermal energy, the reverse process requires energy. The human body gets its energy by oxydizing hydrocarbons to carbon dioxide and water. The plants on Earth producing oxygen from carbon dioxide need energy to do that, the energy is delivered by the sun as light. During the night plants don't release oxygen. $\endgroup$
    – Uwe
    Oct 7, 2017 at 20:51
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    $\begingroup$ Additionally, splitting that second oxygen atom off a CO2 particle takes more energy than the first. The current technique doesn't produce carbon as byproduct, but carbon monoxide. $\endgroup$
    – SF.
    Oct 8, 2017 at 10:19

2 Answers 2


The experiment in question, MOXIE, "Mars Oxygen ISRU Experiment" uses a process of solid oxide electrolysis, to produce oxygen from Martian atmospheric $CO_2$.

First, as reversal of the process of burning coal, production of oxygen from carbon dioxide requires significant amount of energy.

Then, due to specifics of the process, and problems of solid residue the produced carbon would create, the actual reaction performs operation of splitting carbon dioxide into oxygen and carbon monoxide, and separating them.

While technologically much simpler than detaching both oxygen atoms from a $CO_2$ particle, this leaves the risk of mixing highly poisonous carbon monoxide with the oxygen produced.

Experiments with utilizing photosynthesis of plants or cyanobacteria were performed; these release oxygen while using carbon as a building material of the organism (and using sunlight energy to do the splitting); this comes with a range of different problems though, and isn't to be tested in the 2020 rover.


I believe your concept is a bit off. I don't think that new Mars rover in 2020 will make oxygen... In order to break apart CO2, into C and O2, energy is required and it isn't as simple as getting a knife and cutting a CO2 molecule in half. Just bring a bunch of plants into Mars where they are in contact with their surroundings but they don't die due to freezing, warm them and give them some light so they will transform CO2 into C and O2. This could work!

  • $\begingroup$ sounds like the script for a film : The Martian anyone? $\endgroup$
    – Solar Mike
    Oct 10, 2017 at 20:25
  • $\begingroup$ I know this comment is a bit delayed but from a 5 years in a future prospective the Mars 2020 rover also know as perseverance did use the MOXIE to spilt C from O2. So to answer the beginning part, the Mars rover will not just spilt C from O2 but already has, $\endgroup$ May 15 at 13:07

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