Ive always wanted the answer to an specific question as you saw in the title "How deep does the moon craters go". Please leave your answers down below possibly link a good source.
According to NASA, the deepest crater (and the widest) is the South Pole-Aitken basin, almost 1,500 miles (2500 km) across and more than five miles (8 km) deep.
Wikipedia mentions Newton at 6.1 km, but another source has the depth of this crater at 8.8 km. Might be different definitions of 'depth', though. The links provided by Uwe disagree as well, providing a depth of 9864 m for an unnamed crater. These measurements are done via photo analysis, by measuring the length of shadows.