Have there been any satellites that used an orbit similar to what Russia uses, but for the southern hemisphere? Specifically to service South America and Australia/Oceania?


1 Answer 1


One of the NASA TDRS satellites comes within range of the Antarctic SPTR2 ground station TDRS is not in a Molniya orbit

SPTR2 ground station

SPTR2 image

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    $\begingroup$ Did you mean to leave this as an answer to Can they watch TV at the South Pole? What satellites are used for data, comms, and entertainment? It doesn't seem to really answer this question, but it certainly does help to answer that one. $\endgroup$
    – uhoh
    Mar 15, 2018 at 1:45
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    $\begingroup$ I think the answer is no. The Soviet Union/Russia never did put into orbit "an upside-down" Molniya. Interesting though the Russians do have Antartic bases :) $\endgroup$
    – rappolee
    Sep 27, 2019 at 5:20
  • $\begingroup$ Okay, thanks for the follow-up! $\endgroup$
    – uhoh
    Sep 27, 2019 at 5:31

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