What if you lined the lower hull of a spaceship with osmium metal plating, would enough osmium plating create enough pull to simulate earths gravity?
Suppose you stand on the surface of a sphere of material of average density $\rho$ (and that the density distribution inside the sphere is spherically symmetric) then the mass increases in proportion to $\rho r^3$ so the surface gravity increases as $\rho r$ (inverse square law). Since Osmium is roughly four times denser than the Earth, you could need a sphere of it $1/4$ the size of the Earth. You might gain a small factor by making it a different shape but it will still need to be hundreds or thousands of kilometres in size. So not really anything you could call "plating".