The satellite mass is 100 kg. The volume is 150 $dm^3$. The orbit is sun-synchronous (700km altitude)

I'm doing a research to find the actual launch price of this satellite by ISRO, Arianespace, SpaceX, etc.

I've googled, found this report and this link, which give the following price/kg:

  • PSLV- 8000 in average
  • Soyuz 2- 16000
  • Epsilon- 32000
  • Falcon 9- 4640

Does this mean, that I can launch this satellite with SpaceX just for 464000$, or it depends on something also?

  • $\begingroup$ It depends on who you can get to ride-share with. If you are the only payload, you’ll probably pay full price even if your satellite is only 100kg $\endgroup$
    – Jack
    Aug 9, 2018 at 20:45
  • $\begingroup$ @Jack But the launchers should have a special place for small sats? $\endgroup$
    – Leeloo
    Aug 9, 2018 at 20:49

1 Answer 1


Some launchers provide slots for standard-sized cubesats. This means that they can just carry some with them in a extra payload adapter for the cubes.

I am not aware that any launch provider has similar services for smallsats at your specs. Therefore, you would either have to deal with a rideshare or get your own rocket.

While a rideshare is cheaper than the entire rocket, you would most likely be the secondary payload (due to the small size and weight). That means that you can not specify the exact orbit. You can search for a rideshare opportunity to an SSO (Sun-Synchronous Orbit), but if the exact orbit isn't quite the same you'll have to compensate for that with your onboard propulsion system. Further, you usually have to keep up with or wait for the primary payloads timeschedule.

With you own rocket and therefore your sattelite beeing the primary payload, you have a few more options. You can determine your desired launchdate (which can still vary due to the launch provider), the exact orbit and your payload is the highest mission priority.

As you might have already guessed, that's where smallsat launchers come into play. If your sattelite is to fly on a Falcon 9, you're gonna pay the full rocket prize (usually between \$55M-\$62M). The theoretical price per kg is only applicable at full payload capacity. While smallsat launchers like the Electron have quite a high price per kg, this will be offset by the smaller overall payload capacity. Therefore, you'll pay only around \$6M for an entire electron rocket with a payload capacity of 150-225kg to a SSO. BTW: This results in ~\$27,000 to \$40,000 per kg.

In conclusion, I would say that price per kg numbers are mostly marketing numbers that can sound really impressive. For smaller payloads, rockets with higher price per kg can still be far cheaper.


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