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When watching the Year in Orbit documentary, one of cosmonauts points to the big bags stowed between/above the seats of Soyuz capsule, identifying them as the main and emergency parachutes. But they seem to be just in large cloth sacks, not isolated from the inside. Does that mean ejecting (deploying) them dehermetizes the capsule? Supposedly Soyuz blows the parachute cover at about 10km altitude, and the chute deploys at 7.5km where air is nearly too thin for breathing, and that would mean the astronauts are for a time only isolated from this harsh environment by their suits - and the thin layer of cloth of the parachute bag - never mind the rapid pressure drop! Or am I missing something?

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  • $\begingroup$ Don't have access to my pc now but I'd be amazed if the chutes are inside the crew module. $\endgroup$ – Organic Marble Aug 19 '18 at 4:05
  • $\begingroup$ It looks different to me when I watch it: The speaker on that video indicates that there is some extra space under the main parachutes (which are not inside the crew compartment, but just above it). He does not appear to me to identify the big bags as parachutes, but rather cargo. $\endgroup$ – Wayne Conrad Aug 19 '18 at 4:50
  • $\begingroup$ AFAIK these packs contain survival kits for a case of emergency landing at hostile territory (cold winter, desert, sea). The parachutes are outside the hermetic shell. $\endgroup$ – Heopps Aug 19 '18 at 6:05
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I believe in the linked video, the speaker is indicating the payload bags that are attached to the parachute compartment.

The main parachutes are not in the crew compartment (although the parachute compartment bulges out into the crew compartment) and deploying the parachute does not depressurize the crew compartment.

The ЗСП System consists of three parachutes: the ВП Parachute, the ТП Parachute and the ОП Parachute. The ЗСП System ensures the СА Module landing in case of the ОСП System failure. The landing velocity with the ЗСП is 9.5 m/s. The system is located in a pressurized container inside the CA Module.

From the Soyuz Crew Operations Manual.

Here is the open parachute compartment of a landed Soyuz (at the top). The orange bag is, I believe, the backup (ЗСП) parachute. I am having trouble deciphering the Russ-lish of the Operations Manual, but I think it says that if the descent module is at an altitude of 6.5 - 5.5 km and the descent rate greater than 18 m/s, the backup chute is deployed. The worker in the beige hat is reaching into the crew hatch.

enter image description here

This schematic shows the parachute canister and labels the white bag with straps in the crew compartment as a "payload bag". (Although the labeling of the parachute canister is not well done).

enter image description here

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