# Was the gravity turn used in early spaceflight?

Reading through the Wikipedia article about Gravity Turn, specifically the Use in spaceflight section, it seems that the Gravity Turn was not used in early spaceflight. Is that correct? For example, did the Vostok/Voskhod and Mercury missions make use of Gravity Turns during ascent?

Did "they" instead go straight up, then turn and accelerate? Since when are Gravity Turns common?