Do atmospheric conditions including (but not limited to) temperature and barometric pressure and humidity play role in rocket performance?
While weather has a strong impact on decision to launch, I'm asking about the impact of these atmospheric parameters on the performance of the rocket.
Can anyone enlighten me more about this? For example, are launch vehicles ever prorated for excursions in temperature?
Extreme example illustrating the concept:
The answer to Where can the highest air density be found on Earth? shows a site and date in Siberia with a density altitude of about -7600 feet or -2.3 kilometers below sea level and a density of over 1.5 kg/m^3 compared to standard conditions of 1.2 kg/m^3!
Could something this extreme, or less extreme variations than that affect a rocket's performance in a significant way?