QR code (abbreviated from Quick Response Code) is the trademark for a type of matrix barcode (or two-dimensional barcode) first designed in 1994 for the automotive industry in Japan.
MaxiCode is a public domain, machine-readable symbol system originally created and used by United Parcel Service. Suitable for tracking and managing the shipment of packages, it resembles a barcode, but uses dots arranged in a hexagonal grid instead of bars. MaxiCode has been standardised under ISO/IEC 16023.
Has anything like this kind of 2D matrix barcode been used in spaceflight in some systematic way? Identifiers may exist on object but were used on the ground only, and that would count if it were specific to spaceflight, but more interested in uses where recognition in space, in either manual/handheld beeping or robotic recognition.