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Section 2.1 of the DESCANSO document 211 Wideband Very-Long Baseline Interferometry (from here, found here) says:

The precision of a VLBI measurement improves with the length of the baseline. The location of the DSN stations provides baselines of 66% (Goldstone to Madrid) and 83% (Goldstone to Canberra) of the Earth’s diameter. The third baseline, Canberra to Madrid, is 98% of the Earth’s diameter but provides very limited mutual visibility (see module 301). To mitigate mutual visibility effects, additional antennas are often involved in VLBI measurements allowing a station between DSN locations to serve as a “relay” to tie-together observations made in different portions of the sky during an observation session.

I don't understand what function the third station performs. If A and B are the two DSN stations and I is the intermediate station, I can imagine AI and IB could collect additional data leading and trailing in time, when B or A are missing (no mutual visibility to AB) but I am not sure if that's what's happening here. It seems like waiting for the third DSN station C to appear would be an alternative.

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