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From Gizmodo's There's Poop on the Moon list of things left on the moon:

  • This gold-plated telescope that was the first tool used to make astronomical observations from the surface of another planetary body:

The article links to the Air and Space Museum page POLLO 16, Viewing Earth from the Moon, Dr. Carruthers' Telescope and one of the images there shows much better detail. Was it "point and shoot" or semi-autmoatic? Film-only or some video or electronic measurements as well? Did it do any data collection after the astronauts left?

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Source

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"George Carruthers (right) and William Conway (left) with the gold-plated ultraviolet camera/spectrograph invented by Dr. George Carruthers." Source

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The instrument is described in the Apollo 16 Preliminary Science Report document as "the far UV camera / spectrograph".

The whole of Chapter 13 of this document is dedicated to a description of the instrument, its use during the mission, and preliminary results from it.

I am having difficulty copying text out of the pdf, so here is the page with the description.

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The device used film which was returned by the crew, so there were no observations done after they left.

Here is the page with the preliminary science results.

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    $\begingroup$ This is great, thanks! Figure 13-2 looks familiar. $\endgroup$ – uhoh Jan 11 at 17:51
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    $\begingroup$ Those Preliminary Science Reports are really good. I have a paper copy of the one from Apollo 17. $\endgroup$ – Organic Marble Jan 11 at 17:55
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    $\begingroup$ Reading your answers over time I've gotten the impression you've got quite a personal library. $\endgroup$ – uhoh Jan 11 at 17:57
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    $\begingroup$ At (sadly) estate sales and used book stores around JSC, you can find some amazing stuff. $\endgroup$ – Organic Marble Jan 11 at 17:57
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    $\begingroup$ George Carruthers (on the right in my photo) is the PI and first author of chapter 13 in your link as well as in the report linked in my comment, and also the inventor US3478216 $\endgroup$ – uhoh Jan 12 at 6:23

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