# Falcon 9 2nd stage pusher; how far does it continue to extend as it accelerates separation?

I've just watched Scott Manley's video SpaceX's Water Landing Reveals Rocket "Secrets" (or, What We Learned from CRS-16) (again) and he mentions the second stage "pusher" in the center of the view (screen shot below).

I've added a small GIF of the video clip he shows of the stages separating.

In the black-and-white clip, I can see the white bit of the pusher extending. I am assuming that the end of the pusher already extends all the way through the long vacuum nozzle and expansion chamber and in contact with the back of the combustion chamber even before the stages start to separate, and that this is just more of it being exposed to sunlight.

Question: Roughly how long is the pusher in totality? Once separation begins, how far does it extend to accelerate the separation, just a few centimeters for a hard push, or does it continue to extend for tends of cm or even a meter to gently accelerate the separation?

• I'm pretty sure it presses into the throat of the nozzle, not the back of the combustion chamber (wouldn't want to shove on the injector heads, probably). – Saiboogu Jan 21 at 13:53
• @Saiboogu have a listen to the video between 07:30 and about 08:30 – uhoh Jan 21 at 14:22
• Much as I'm a Manley fan, he's not 'in the know' on SpaceX matters. Neither am I of course, but I'm comfortable with my assumption based on the shape of the pusher head - also visible in your video around the same time. Seems the mating surface is around the round rim of the pusher. Check the pinned comment from Scott on the same video, he confirms the general impression. – Saiboogu Jan 21 at 18:46
• @Saiboogu Yes indeed, there it is: Some important updates on things which I probably got wrong:... Most people believe the pusher mates with the narrow throat of the engine rather than the top of the combustion chamber. – uhoh Jan 21 at 22:13
• Here's a nice picture of the business end of the pusher. It looks to me like the throat theory is correct. teslarati.com/… – Organic Marble Jan 22 at 0:17