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In recent question about color blindness there was an interesting fact about two back-to-back space shuttle missions, STS-83 and STS-94, that were flown with same shuttle and same crew with only few months apart. The reason was that STS-83 was cut short due to failure of a fuel cell.

My question is have there been any other missions, or individual crew members, that have been sent up "again" to complete a task?

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  • $\begingroup$ Ok, auto-correct changed "reflight" to "relight". Could someone correct the wording, please? $\endgroup$ – busdriver May 6 at 12:43
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My question is have there been any other missions, or individual crew members, that have been sent up "again" to complete a task?

STS-75's main payload was a reflight of STS-46's main payload due to the failure of the Tethered Satellite System (TSS) on its first attempt. Sadly, STS-75 failed as well, but in a different way, ending this system's flight attempts, and kicking off a large number of silly UFO theories.

It wasn't an exact mission reflight like 83/94, but several crew members who were trained in operating the TSS flew on both: Nicollier, Chang-Diaz, and Hoffman.

  • On STS-46 the tether jammed in the deployer after the satellite had only been deployed a short distance. This was traced to "fixes" made to the deployer shortly before launch. enter image description here

  • On STS-75 the tether broke after deploying a significant distance. This was traced to manufacturing errors with the tether.

enter image description here

Another example is Charles Walker who flew on three separate shuttle missions to operate the McDonnell Douglas experiment Electrophoresis Operations in Space.

enter image description here

This wasn't due to a mission or experiment failure though, but was part of the pre-Challenger-failure attempts to commercialize the Shuttle. Walker was the first non-government/commercial astronaut in history.

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    $\begingroup$ Given that your knowledge of shuttle operations is vast and it is unlikely that similar missions would’ve happened in other space programs I will mark your answer as correct. Thank you for taking time to answer. $\endgroup$ – busdriver May 7 at 12:09
  • $\begingroup$ Thanks. There were other possibilities of payloads repeatedly flown on shuttle (Wakeshield, SPAS, SPARTAN) but without the same crew. $\endgroup$ – Organic Marble May 7 at 12:14

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