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This excellent answer addresses the amazing 3D structures shown in the image below:

The terrain examples show some striking similarities to what is referred to in the United States as "Badlands" - a type of terrain formed by layered sedimentary strata of rock that is soft enough to be eroded by wind and water into recognizably similar features. For example, here is South Dakota Badlands National Park:

I believe that in the past Mars had plenty of wind and water. So I'd like to ask:

Question: Does Mars have badlands?

"bonus points" for an MRO or other photo of a place on Mars similar to the one above. Fyi a top-down view (31.5298N, 79.7242E) of this area on Earth looks like this:

札达土林 in Tibet


Screenshot from the Chinese language video 航拍西藏 2018 (Aerial photography in Tibet) from the question What produces these amazing 3D structures in Tibet?

札达土林 in Tibet

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    $\begingroup$ No time to answer: altamontenterprise.com/opinion/columns/back-roads-geology/… $\endgroup$ – called2voyage May 9 at 20:42
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    $\begingroup$ @called2voyage learned a new word there: hoodoo. It's an interesting read, thanks! $\endgroup$ – uhoh May 10 at 0:03
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    $\begingroup$ @called2voyage those cloud formation similarities were my favorite part, "Cirrus clouds made of ice crystals waft high in the atmosphere above the Bisti wilderness. Similar clouds have been photographed on Mars by the Curiosity rover." That's so cool! Reminds me of lenticular clouds being formed by volcanoes, mountains or basins. Thanks for the link! $\endgroup$ – Magic Octopus Urn May 13 at 20:30
  • $\begingroup$ @MagicOctopusUrn See the numerous answers and comments at What is this spaceship-shaped cloud? $\endgroup$ – uhoh May 13 at 23:54
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The Altamont Enterprise site given by called2voyage and repeated here gives a pretty impressive comparison. Perhaps we should not be so surprised that a small, rocky planet that's relatively close to the Sun and had known water and atmospheric weather would have land features similar to our own small, rocky planet that's relatively close to the Sun.

Looking more broadly, such similarities may be used to identify models of the Martian landscape on Earth. This site from livescience.com lists several such areas that have attracted the attention of planetary scientists, in this case generally emphasizing dryness and usually cold more than topography. The well-known Atacama Desert tops the list, but if you read through you find models from one pole to the other (or at least, as close as possible to that range). A major attraction of these models is that they can be used to dry-run (no pun intended) the search for Martian life before leaving Earth.

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    $\begingroup$ Another nice answer, thank you! $\endgroup$ – uhoh May 10 at 2:08
  • $\begingroup$ fyi I've added an "offer" of fictitious bonus points for a view of a similar badlands area on Mars. I'm not sure one exists, but it would be interesting to see how close of a match is out there. $\endgroup$ – uhoh May 10 at 2:14
  • $\begingroup$ @uhoh google.com/mars :)? Looks like the poles might be candidates! $\endgroup$ – Magic Octopus Urn May 13 at 20:31

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