# How would off-apsis burn affect the angle and position of new apoapsis

Let's say you have an elliptical orbit, if you burn prograde at the periapsis, you extend the apoapsis by some factor(according to vis-viva equation). But if you burn prograde on somewhere during the elliptical orbit, the orbit will be "tilted", so the semi-major axis would be angled. But by how much? I want to actually calculate the new location of the apsis with equations. Edit: How would the true anomaly of the orbit change numerically (in a cartesian coordinate system) I know that the periapsis will rotate toward the spacecraft but let's say:

• My current velocity is $$3000 \ m/s$$ tangent to the orbital trajectory
• I fire my engines so my velocity increases by $$25\%%$$ still tangent to the trajectory and I do that in 1 second(assume instantaneous burn).
• The mass of the spacecraft is 10 metric tons(forget realistic, just for the sake of simple calculations)
• current semi-major axis: 3.5 AU
• eccentricity: 0.82 pointing from apoapsis to periapsis
• current true anomaly: 139.5 $$^\circ$$ counter-clockwise
• the position vector $$vec{v}$$ is 2.9 AU with a frame of reference as the sun(focus).

With this information, can I use any equations to compute the new location of the apoapsis as well as the new orbital state vectors? Thanks

• – Mark
Jun 7 '19 at 2:03
• I read that before, but I want to actually calculate the new location of the apsis. What equations are necessary? If I burn at the periapsis, I can just use vis viva to calculate new apoapsis(not angled), but that wouldn't work here.
– alan
Jun 7 '19 at 3:57
• You need to use Vi + Vburn = Vf to calculate your new state vectors, then use something like eci2orb1 to calculate the new elements. Then the eccentricity vector points at the periapsis. You can also use orb2eci here for the reverse function. and see this answer Jul 2 '19 at 4:23
• rv2orb and orb2rv is another implementation. you can also construct the ecc vec directly: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eccentricity_vector but you'll need SMA+ECC to find the apoapsis/periapsis magnitudes. Jul 3 '19 at 4:04