This Wikipedia article (in german) has some information about the heat shield of Vostok 1.
The heat shield was made from asbestos, its thickness was increased from 3 cm to up to 18 cm. The weight of the heat shield was 837 kg, the reentry module had 2.460 kg. Vostok spacecraft
Did they use pure asbestos only, or a mix of asbestos fibers with a phenolic resin? If it was pure asbestos, did it ablate at all?