The Energia rocket, developed in the 1970s and 1980s to launch the Soviet Buran space shuttle, had the second-highest payload capacity (100 tonnes to LEO) of any rocket ever flown (and the highest-ever of any Soviet/Russian rocket), trailing only the Saturn V’s 140 tonnes to LEO.1 It could also be used to put a smaller payload into a higher orbit (although it was never actually used in this manner), which is where things start to get confusing.
According to Wikipedia:
The rocket had the capacity to place about 100 tonnes in Low Earth orbit, up to 20 tonnes to geostationary orbit and up to 32 tonnes via translunar trajectory into lunar orbit.†
However, as the moon orbits far above geosynchronous altitude, it requires far less delta-V to reach geosynchronous orbit than to reach the moon, and a given launcher, all else being equal, should, thus, have a considerably higher payload capacity to geosynchronous orbit than to lunar orbit - so why was the Energia’s situation the other way around?
1: This, ironically, puts it ahead of the Soviet Union’s own moon-rocket, the N1, which could “only” put 95 tonnes in LEO (or would have been able to, had it not broken apart, caught fire, and/or exploded during first-stage flight each of the four times it launched).