I have an answer for only the MERs and MSL. I have no idea how to find this information for Sojourner.
For Curiosity: 144.04m on Sol 385 (source). I processed that data in excel, but I don't know how to upload an excel file. The data does include some sols with multiple traverses, but I accounted for that so the 144.04m figure is in fact the longest single day's drive.
For the MERs: I do not have a link, but I reached out to Dr. Raymond Arvidson, the deputy PI for the MERs. He reached out to his computer systems manager, who gave me the following email answer:
Hi Michael –
The maximum distance that each MER travelled in a single day was: Spirit (MER-A) – 114.2m on sol 125, May 10, 2004 Opportunity (MER-B) –
228.1m on sol 410, March 20, 2005 Fun fact: the sol 410 drive was part of a sustained effort during which Opportunity drove an average
of 191.2m on each of seven consecutive drive sols (406, 407, 408,
410, 412, 413, and 414).
So, kudos to both Ray Arvidson and Thomas Stein for the MER stuff.