# What is the fastest velocity to which something can be accellerated using a gravity assist [duplicate]

My understanding of gravity-assists (slingshot) is that they use some of a more-massive object's orbital energy to gain massive acceleration.

What's the upper limit on how much velocity an object coming out of one can have?

I am not interested in the max total amount of acceleration gained from a single assist. Just the highest velocity achievable.

I presume the limit here would come from the effects of frame-dragging, if trying to get an assist from a very massive object.

• Your question doesn't obviously make sense... if you look at Mark Adler's answer to your linked question, you'll see he provides a handy formula. You can always get just a tiny bit faster than the velocity you arrived at, right? Nov 7, 2019 at 12:46
• So, a hair below lightspeed? Nov 7, 2019 at 12:49
• Perhaps, thought you'd have to be travelling at almost a hair below lightspeed to start with, so it doesn't seem like a very interesting or informative answer (and adds nothing that wasn't already said in the other question). Nov 7, 2019 at 12:50
• Realistically you will be limited by time or the availability of objects. Once you reach solar system escape velocity your ability to play cosmic billiards is extremely limited and even without that planets are months or years apart--try too many encounters and your probe will wear out before reaching it's destination. Nov 7, 2019 at 12:53
• Not enough points to close-vote, but recommend doing so in favor of the linked question in @StarfishPrime 's comment Nov 7, 2019 at 14:42

I don't think it's easy to put a limit on the maximum achievable speed (other than $$c$$), without constraining the problem. There is no obvious speed, above which gravity assists can't help, if you can plan the interactions appropriately.