Before astronauts and cosmonauts go to the ISS they have months of simulator training on Soyuz spacecraft procedures for launch, rendezvous, docking and re-entry. Yet, once they are on the ISS they are up there for weeks, often many months before coming back. As a pilot myself I know how skills can erode without practice.

How do astronauts/cosmonauts keep current on re-entry procedures and remain familiar with the spacecraft controls? Are there any training aids on the ISS?

As a second part to the question will this be done differently with the commercial spacecraft being developed?

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    $\begingroup$ I'd be shocked if they don't have detailed checklists to be followed. $\endgroup$ – Carl Witthoft Jan 20 at 12:50
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    $\begingroup$ That's not really what I'm asking @CarlWitthoft, it's about keeping familiar with controls. As far as I know there's no simulator up there. $\endgroup$ – GdD Jan 20 at 13:35
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    $\begingroup$ Astronauts on the ISS use virtual reality on board for EVA training: ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/20140000406.pdf. I wonder if something similar could be done for flight training? $\endgroup$ – called2voyage Jan 20 at 14:32
  • $\begingroup$ Is there a training mode of the Soyuz spacecraft? If Soyuz is powered down, some switches may be fliped without effect. $\endgroup$ – Uwe Jan 20 at 17:38
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    $\begingroup$ I'm fairly sure the monthly ISS report in BIS's SpaceFlight magazine regularly mentions training, so that might be a place to look. ISTR Soyuz does, as Uwe suggests, have a training mode (but probably only since the upgrade to "modern" computer controls) $\endgroup$ – JCRM Jan 21 at 9:28

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