In the 1985 work 'The Cat Who Walks Through Walls' by Robert Heinlein, Richard Ames makes the following internal observation; The character is in an underground abode. The accommodations are in a side room off of a main corridor. The atmosphere is appropriate for shirt sleeves, think of it like being in a large mall with heat and air, low gravity being the only noticeable indicator you are not on Earth.

At one-sixth gee a rock shelf is softer than a foam mattress in Iowa. I went to sleep quickly.


Would a lunar colonist find a rock shelf softer than a foam mattress? Would you only need a blanket and flat & level surface of solid rock to sleep comfortably in Moon's gravity?

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    $\begingroup$ I'm tempted to argue that sleeping comfortably is at-least as much about the state of one's mind as it is about having a comfortable mattress $\endgroup$
    – Everyone
    May 30, 2014 at 10:57
  • $\begingroup$ @Everyone, you can probably find some good data from NASA to support or rebut that idea. $\endgroup$ May 30, 2014 at 10:58
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    $\begingroup$ Since you weigh much less on the Moon, wouldn't you instead need a much softer mattress in order for it to form along your body shape so that you don't have just a few points of contact with its support? Maybe an ordinary Earthly mattress would feel like a rock shelf on the Moon. $\endgroup$
    – LocalFluff
    May 30, 2014 at 11:30
  • $\begingroup$ Weird. A rock shelf is hard. Even with zero gravity. [But I cannot give a testimony, I have never been on the Moon.] $\endgroup$ May 30, 2014 at 18:15
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    $\begingroup$ For an easy at-home simulation of this, lean against a ridged wall (a tiled bathroom wall would be a fine candidate). For me, it still seems uncomfortable against my back/shoulders, but far less so than if I was putting my full 1g weight on it. $\endgroup$
    – john3103
    May 30, 2014 at 20:12

2 Answers 2


Probably not.

A good measure of comfort is how much external body pressure is induced from laying on a hard surface. Earth gravity is enough to cause an adult considerable discomfort when lying on a hard surface. Paresthesia, or the sensation of having arms and limbs falling asleep, would be a good standard to measure against to answer this question. The sensation can be felt with as little as 20 mmHg (2.9 kPa) or just 1/2 pound per square inch according to this detailed description from fact finding website TodayIFoundOut. One study from the Journal of Neurological Science "Effects of graded experimental compression on slow and fast axonal transport in rabbit vagus nerve" gives some details on pressure points including discussion of human implications.

For the sake of argument:

  • Any external pressure on the body in excess of 20 mmHg (2.7 kPa), or 1/2 lb per square inch, would be enough to make a mattress a necessity.
  • The sleeping surface is flat, even, and hard. If you were sleeping on lava rocks, there would be some jagged surface points poking into the skin that might give isolated pressure points.
  • The person sleeping is average weight and size at 62.0 kg or 136.7 lbs.

Calculating the surface area of the body in contact with the sleeping surface will be a bit trickier to estimate. Again for the sake of argument let's assume that less than half of the body will be in contact with the surface, say 25% of the body. Ratios of body fat will give some ranges here too and there many calculations to choose from. Wikipedia shows average Body Surface Areas of men and women at 1.6 and 1.9 m2, respectively. Let's take the difference between men and women at an average of 1.75 m2 and 25% of that gives us 0.4375 m2 or roughly 4.71 ft2.

So given the average weight at 136.7 lbs (62.0 kg) on Earth gravity, and assuming 25% body surface contact, laying on a flat surface will distribute the weight to 29 lbs per square foot (142 kg/m²) or 2.42 lbs/inch (43.2 kg/m).

On the moon, gravity is 1/6th that of earth, so we can reduce weight to 23.8lbs. Our mass however does not change, it's still at 62.0kg so applying moon gravity (1.6249 m/s2) gives us a force of 0.101 kPa or just 0.756 mmHg or a cozy 0.015 lbs per square inch, not enough to induce Paresthesia. While it may not be "comfortable", it would not be uncomfortable.

A purely hypothetical answer of course--one would have to actually simulate 1/6th Earth gravity to test and in an interview with Space.com, the crew of Apollo 12 recalled what little sleep they had with little mention of physical comfort albeit they had hammocks to sleep on.

Something else to keep in mind: People can comfortably lay on a bed of nails given enough surface area. Comfort, of course, is subjective, but we know it is possible in Earth gravity. (http://entertainment.howstuffworks.com/arts/circus-arts/bed-of-nails.htm) Given this observation, it is not a stretch of imagination to assume this would be painless enough to sleep on given 1/6th Earth gravity on the moon.

  • 1
    $\begingroup$ That's a good answer, but I think your numbers are poorly chosen. The average adult in the "west" is undoubtedly over 136 lbs (the number there is massively pulled down by the large underweight Asian population), and while it's not clear where your/wiki's BSA number comes from, it's likely from the west (given the UK numbers are roughly the same). Similarly, your 25% estimate is unlikely to be accurate; more like 40% of your body surface area is on each front/back side. How much of that is in contact depends on the rigidity of the surface - a soft surface has nearly all of it. $\endgroup$
    – Joe
    May 30, 2014 at 14:12
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    $\begingroup$ I tried to add SI units, but your pressure unit has units mass per area squared. Shouldn't this be force area squared? Particularly for this answer, it is essential to not confuse mass and weight. Which one do you mean? $\endgroup$
    – gerrit
    May 30, 2014 at 14:50
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    $\begingroup$ You are correct, this should be force per unit squared. My mistake! $\endgroup$
    – TK-421
    May 30, 2014 at 14:57
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    $\begingroup$ I think I was looking at the problem as a surface area to volume ratio issue: More surface area, less mass = more comfort. $\endgroup$
    – TK-421
    May 30, 2014 at 15:00
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ Thanks for catching that. I've updated the answer to include the force conversion given the Moon's gravity. $\endgroup$
    – TK-421
    May 30, 2014 at 15:16

A rock surface might or might not be comfortable, but certainly there are lighter and more compact alternatives to mattresses that would be comfortable in lunar gravity.

In the Apollo Lunar Module they used lightweight hammocks, and astronauts made a point of reporting how much more pleasant they were to sleep in under lunar versus on the Earth:

"We ran a simulated night in the simulator before we went - and got a lousy night's sleep. When you get to one-sixth g, it's just terrific; but you try to sleep in those hammocks in one g: not terrific." - Dave Scott, Apollo 15 Commander (http://www.hq.nasa.gov/alsj/a15/a15.eva2wake.html#1382037)

Apollo LM ascent stage aft view showing hammock

There were other issues with sleep comfort, mainly related to poor spacesuit fits. From Apollo 15 onwards they would remove their spacesuits to sleep, which helped a lot. Much more information available here: http://www.workingonthemoon.com/WOTM-Sleep.html


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