I wonder which Soviet/Russian crewed spaceflight reached the highest apogee and how high. For America, the highest apogee ever reached is 1,368 kilometers (~ 850 mi) by Gemini 11 (except that America went even further: to the Moon). Gemini 11 is probably the highest non-lunar spaceflight to date, but what apogee did the highest Soviet/Russian crewed spacecraft reach?
I assume there aren't huge orbital differences inbetween all Soviet and Russian spaceflights to date because all of them launch on the R-7 rocket, however the rocket has been slightly modified per each spacecraft (Vostok, Voskhod, Soyuz). Therefore, I think some Soyuz spacecraft must have reached the highest Soviet/Russian apogee to date. Do you know on which mission the highest altitude was reached or might have been reached? And whether a Soviet/Russian crewed spacecraft went beyond the thermosphere (which I don't think), like Gemini 11?