From the Apollo Experience Report: Thermal Protection System, there is a diagram that shows the surface temperatures of the Command Module at various points (image was obtained from this answer). It shows about 1500 °F (816 °C).
From Apollo Infrared Acquisition and Tracking System on Google Books, on page 26, there is a graph showing the temperature of the leeward side. Here it shows the temperature around 1250 °F (676 °C).
However, in the Apollo Command Module recovery photographs, only one half of the CM still has Mylar on the surface. This is the Apollo 13 CM.
My initial thought was that the spacecraft re-entered at a non zero angle of attack as that was how they controlled lift. But Mylar and Aluminum have melting points of 250 °C and 660 °C, respectively. How is it that the Mylar and the Aluminum handles survived re-entry?
Question: What was the leeward surface temperature of the Apollo Command Module during re-entry? And how did the Mylar and Aluminum survive?