A while ago, I asked about what happens to a nuclear engine that gets smashed into the Moon. While not conclusively answered, it's likely that the contaminated area would be of significant size.
But what are the legal implications of doing this? Many international agreements deal with both the use of outer space, and also nuclear materials. The Moon treaty for instance says parties should take measures to prevent contamination of the environment, but it has a very weak international standing (18 parties, none of the US, Russia or China). Does some other piece of international law apply?