In reading this question (Lowest possible lunar orbit and has any spacecraft achieved it?), it prompts the question if any orbiting satellite/spacecraft around the Moon or Mars (the only heavenly bodies other than Earth which have both orbiting spacecraft and intact landings) have been confirmed observed while in orbit by an astronaut or probe on the surface of that body? Pictures of landed craft taken from orbit are well documented, but I'm wondering if the opposite has ever been officially observed by seeing the glint of sunlight off of an orbiting craft.

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    $\begingroup$ Are you asking specifically about artificial satellites? Because Curiosity has taken pictures of Phobos and Deimos before. $\endgroup$ – Phiteros Feb 22 at 21:33
  • $\begingroup$ seems to be artificial, based on the last sentence "...by seeing the glint of sunlight off of an orbiting craft." $\endgroup$ – uhoh Feb 23 at 3:13
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    $\begingroup$ related: Were the Apollo 11 astronauts aware of any parts of the Luna 15 mission? and Would Luna 15 have been visible to any of the members of the Apollo 11 crew? I'm not sure if anybody has asked if an Apollo astronaut has ever seen an orbiting command module, since they could have accurate timing and direction information ahead of time and could have stood in the shadow with their eyes closed and dark-adapted. I'll guess the answer is no because what's the point? $\endgroup$ – uhoh Feb 23 at 3:14

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