Joe Walker was a NACA and NASA test pilot who flew the X-15 aircraft twice above 100 km, which FAI uses their definition of an astronaut. Flight 90 achieved 106.01 km, and flight 91 reached 107.96 km. The speed of both flights at 100 km was only a few hundred meters per second.
Even though he was never in an astronaut training program, does NASA consider Walker to be an astronaut? ("NASA" meaning any facility, website, or publication officially controlled by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and "consider" meaning an official acknowledgement or inclusion in a list of astronauts.)