The Space Shuttle was originally intended to be able to support polar orbits, by launching from Vandenberg AFB, in California. Although a launch complex was built, it was never used for a Shuttle launch. This leads to my question - have any living organisms (human/animal) intentionally been launched into a polar orbit? This could be from any country, not just the USA. I'm purposely wording this question this way to exclude unintentional hitchhiking bacteria, etc. that might be inadvertently be on or in the spacecraft at launch time.