Those formerly on either side of the Iron Curtain can now admit that the Cold War had its plusses and minuses. The key minus, of course, is that the United States and the Soviet Union constructed enough nuclear devices to destroy the world many times over. After relations began to improve between the two nations (i.e. the Soviet Union collapsed, the Cold War ended, and a lot of people started sleeping better), nuclear disarmament became a hot-button issue. I can't find reliable figures regarding the number of missiles and warheads disarmed during and after the Cold War, but I imagine they number(ed) in the thousands. Once they were no longer suited for their original purpose, however, something had to have been done with the missiles. My question, in essence, boils down to this:
Were any former missiles repurposed for peaceful space transportation?