In short: My goal is to get knowledge about general travel in space and navigating to a certain object - with literally "low cost" tech.
My primary interest is how to control and move a device in space, not about getting to orbit or space, lets assume for simplicity it would be possible to ride "piggyback" on something else going up there, and the device gets ejected at a certain point. Lets assume at the same point a commercial satellite is deployed. From there, the challenge would be to actually travel to the moon - one way of course.
The payload is estimated very low, around 1kg of communication, sensors and power to bring up there, and not more. The device would have just to land on the moon - no certain spot or other parameters, just land there and transmit back to earth.
What would be the absolute necessarily needed stuff to have on board to actually get there? And how is it possible to navigate in space? I suspect that the engine would either have to be some kind of rocket-powered device, or i have seen other things like ion-thrusters.
What type of transmitter could make it back to earth from moon? Lets say very low data rates, for example from temperature sensors or similar
Also there is the question remaining if this is a very difficult objective in terms of electronics - for example are there any special components needed (like extra fast/precise FPGA's or sensory stuff).