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I'm interested in generating a "corrected TLE1" based on observation data. I would have observed azimuth and elevation, site location, and time. All of those data fields are observed with high quality (0.1 degree for pointing angles, GPS locked location and time). I would have an array of these observations for let say several minutes at 1 second intervals or less. Range would be unknown.

Is there any open source software to do this?


1Two Line Element set, a common orbital ephemeris format described here: https://celestrak.com/NORAD/documentation/tle-fmt.php

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  • $\begingroup$ What does TLE stand for? $\endgroup$
    – Rodo
    Jul 21 at 18:15
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    $\begingroup$ Two Line Element, a common orbital ephemeris format described here: celestrak.com/NORAD/documentation/tle-fmt.php $\endgroup$
    – Judd
    Jul 21 at 18:17
  • $\begingroup$ @Judd I've added that back into your question, but I don't know what a "corrected TLE" is. Corrected for what? Are there "uncorrected TLEs" as well? Also note that if one has only 60 seconds of visual observations the quality of the resulting TLE will likely be lower than one based on deployment state vectors provided by a launch provider. $\endgroup$
    – uhoh
    Jul 21 at 22:49
  • $\begingroup$ @Judd, probably you are interested in making corrections to a KNOWN TLE, using additional observations. But, do you really need TLE or your problem is rather refine the orbital elements (using additional observations)? $\endgroup$
    – Ng Ph
    Jul 22 at 9:04
  • $\begingroup$ @nhoh, Satellite operators are not 100% accurate in the TLEs provided to tracking stations. This results in loss of data from the spacecraft, especially when you are dealing with higher frequencies or larger dishes (both reduce the beamwidth of the antenna system). From the ground station we can measure a set of correction vectors, and apply that in real time. However, this can be a problem if the final correction is large and you may not acquire the satellite at all on the next pass. If you can use the measurements to generate a new TLE then you have a better chance of AOS on the next pass. $\endgroup$
    – Judd
    Jul 22 at 14:56

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