Sometimes space exploration requires a little detective work.
As seen from the last part of the entry copied below, the first comet listed is the Hale-Bopp comet, which is actually a long-period comet that came close to Earth in the 1990s and now is back on its way out to what would probably be considered the Oort Cloud.
CJ95O010 1997 03 29.6531 0.89080 0.994971 130.4149 282.7818 89.2644 20220808 -2.0 4.0 C/1995 O1 (Hale-Bopp) MPC106342
By matching some of the numbers with the entries given in the Wikipedia information box, we can identify some key elements that can be used to identify a comet that remains near both Earth and Venus. Below us what I am able to find for the numbers in the Hale-Bopp entry:
CJ95O010 -- Code for comet designation, compare with the C/1995 O10 entry
1997 03 29.6531 -- Date of perihelion, the third number incorporating the hour of the day (in this case shortly before 16:00), presumably UTC time.
0.890801 -- perihelion distance in astronomical units; Earth is 0.983 and Venus is 0.718.
0.994971 -- orbital eccentricity (e), from which you may derive the aphelion from multiplying the perihelion by (1+e)/(1-e). Here that would be
$0.890801×1.994971/0.005029 = 353 AU$
(Compared with 1.017 for Earth and 0.728 for Venus)
Wikipedia gives a slighty longer aphelion, 371 AU, because it uses a slightly different perihelion distance. Such a situation is common with long period comets and should be less of a problem with the short period comets you are interested in (which have a much lower eccentricity number).
Skipping the rest of the numbers which probably are related to a specific observation, I go to the end:
C/1995 O1 (Hale-Bopp) MPC106342 -- Additional comet designations including the discoverer.
I would use the perihelion and eccentricity numbers, from which you can get the aphelion as above, to match orbital distances with Earth and Venus for the remaining comets in the list and thus identify comets that are generally nearest to Earth and Venus. The designation data are then used to identify comets that give good numbers.