In the Congress hearings on qualifications for astronauts in July 1962, a "Chimp University" where chimpanzees are trained for spaceflight is mentioned.
Miss COBB. I have passed physical, laboratory, X-ray, physical competence, psychological, psychiatric, isolation, and Navy tests, but not the training. It was not available for us to go through the space flight simulators. They have not approved women to go through these simulators to demonstrate their capabilities for space flight. I find it it a little ridiculous when I read in a newspaper that there is a place called Chimp College in New Mexico where they are training 50 chimpanzees for space flight, one a female named Glenda. I think it would be at least as important to let the women undergo this training for space flight.
Mr. RIEHLMAN. You are willing to undergo this test?
Miss COBB. Even if I have to substitute for a female chimpanzee.
Where can I read more about this facility and the kind of training the chimps went through?
Searching online for "Chimp College" or "Chimp University" return results about modern research facilities and organizations that want to end the use of chimps in research (and a movie called Bonzo goes to College among the even less relevant results). "Chimp College project Mercury" returns results about Ham and Enos, their space flight and what happened to them afterwards, but not so much about the training.