Outdated: KSLV-II is a homegrown South Korean orbital launch vehicle. While KARI's launched the Russian-derived KSLV-I before, KSLV-II (or Nuri) uses only new, domestic, hitherto un-flight-tested motors & stages. It hit its target orbit on its very first launch.
Further domestic reporting indicates that the dummy payload did not stay in orbit, probably an overly low perigee. That makes the list even shorter.
My understanding is that new flight hardware rarely succeeds on the first try. How many new orbital launch vehicles have succeeded (achieved the target orbit) on their first launch?
Of those, how many completely new (does not reuse any previously-flown major components: tankage, main engines, avionics (depending on era, much less relevant now than the 60s)) orbital launch vehicles have succeeded on the first launch?
Please note the entire mission needs to succeed: Energia sadly is disqualified through no fault of its own.
A short list of what I can think of right off the bat:
- Saturn V (although it's not completely new; S-IVB had flown before)
- Shuttle (completely new; AJ-10s used for OMS aside)
- Atlas V (your mileage may vary; RD-180 & the exact Centaur used I believe are arguably new, but closely derived from flown hardware)
- CZ-5 (I'm not sure about its 'completely unflown major hardware' status)