Analog Hasselblad cameras with photochemical film were used extensively during the Apollo mission to the Moon.
Were they used later for Spacelab, Space Shuttle and Mir or ISS?
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Hasselblad 500 EL/M cameras were used early in the Shuttle program, before the advent of digital photography.
The training manual is available here, it has this beautiful cover
I do not know when the transition to digital photography was completed.
This picture shows STS-59 (1994) crewmember Sid Guiterrez holding a Hasselblad in the shuttle cockpit in space. That may be another floating to his right.
This picture shows STS-46 (1992) crewmember Marsha Ivins with two Hasselblads.
Searching for "hasselblad" in images.nasa.gov turns up a lot more interesting pictures.
A Hasselblad image of the Mir.
Docking target on Mir space station as seen from Shuttle Discovery NASA ID: sts063-711-069 STS063-711-069 (3-11 Feb. 1995) --- This close-up scene of Russian Mir Space Station's docking target was exposed by one of the STS-63 crew members using a handheld Hasselblad camera during close proximity operations between the space shuttle Discovery and Russia's Mir Space Station. Date Created: 1995-02-06
Yes, they were used on the space shuttle inside the cabin. So this iconic image of Bruce McCandless II was taken with a Hasselblad Camera from inside the cabin of the Orbiter.
I could not find any references of them being used outside the cabin (the one you see mounted to the MMU in the image is (almost certainly) a Nikon F3 wrapped in thermal blankets.
Hasselblads were used for quite some time. This Image was taken in 2000 on STS-106
So Hasselblads were for sure used after Apollo well into the shuttle area.
The STS-61 Post Flight Presentation mentions that a Hasselblad was used outside the cabin during a spacewalk. The speaker talks about this at 12:50 along with some trivia:
"nobody had ever taken a Hasselblad into space since Apollo".
Available images from the mission can be found here. Comparing angles to the presentation clip, I speculate film magazine STS061-105 was used in the space Hasselblad (but I can't find anything confirming this).