Well, at least during the Space Shuttle era, some did.
I remember, as I aged into my 40's, getting disgruntled during training events in the Shuttle Mission Simulator, as I was beginning to have trouble both reading the checklists and viewing the overhead panels while I was strapped into the pilot's seat. The NASA eye doc suggested I try a pair of what he called "tri-focals," with lenses somewhat like this:
Note that the glasses they made for me had "near" sections both at the tops and bottoms of their lenses. Mine were not "progressive," since I did not care for that effect.
Here is a shot of me wearing them on orbit, during mission STS-109:
As an aside, this photo was taken during flight day 2, IIRC, and I was feeling pretty nauseous at the time, despite the rather silly grin (SAS)...
I also remember said eye doc telling me that the use of glasses like this was not all that uncommon, as many of us were at least beginning to suffer from presbyopia...maddening for someone like myself who had always been blessed with rather good eyesight!