There seems to be two separate but related questions being asked, one is a simple yes/no question, are there any images of stars that have been taken from the Moon, and the same question for the Milky Way. It seems that you have received some answers to this question. But your specific choice of the words "starry night sky" and your additional question in the comments, "what does starry sky on Moon look like?" gives me the impression that you are looking for more than this, you seem interested in knowing what the view of the night sky looks like from the Moon compared to from the Earth. That is a great question, but I suspect that any photos that have been taken so far from the Moon will likely not answer this question very well, nor will photos taken with space telescopes in Earth orbit (and beyond). I will go into some details why because there are a lot of factors involved.
Scientific research of the universe is guided by specific objectives, and scientists look for the best ways to obtain information related to those objectives, independent of the experience that it creates for the observer. Not that scientists don’t also have human curiosity, in fact this is what leads many of them into a career in science in the first place. But all telescopes or camera instruments that have been sent into space or to the Moon so far have all been designed for specific types of scientific research.
This is why for example the majority of space telescopes observe in frequencies other than the visual spectrum, because in many cases this provides the greatest amount of data for the specific scientific objective, even though the images created are less relatable from a human experience perspective. The Hubble Space Telescope is one of the smaller number of space telescopes that observe in visible light, which is why the general public has been so enamored with the photos obtained by Hubble. But much of Hubble’s important research has actually been done in the near-infrared frequency, and you likely won’t see many of those images on wall calendars.
Hubble visible light (left) vs infrared (right). Which of these is more likely to show up on a wall calendar or screensaver? (source: STScI)
Landers and rovers on the Moon and Mars have cameras that operate in visible light, but they are designed for surface photography not astrophotography. Not long after the NASA Perseverance rover landed on Mars in 2021 a photograph was widely circulated which purported to show a photograph of the Milky Way taken by the rover. However this was actually a composite photo done by a VR filmmaker. In the Snopes investigation of the photo they talked to someone at JPL who confirmed this:
the cameras on the rover do not have the capability to capture such a detailed photo of the night sky from Mars. The photo could have been taken from anywhere on Earth.
This may answer your question about whether any photos of the Milky Way have been taken from the Moon, however maybe someone who is looking into this specific part of your question will find some evidence confirming whether or not this is the case.
When it comes to the human experience of viewing the starry sky, the best results come from looking at the stars directly with our eyes rather than viewing photographs, even ones taken from space. I heard one astronaut say that the view of the sky from a high elevation in a remote part of the world in ideal seeing conditions is pretty close to the view of the sky from space. Anyone who has been fortunate enough to view the night sky from a very dark viewing location on a clear night will likely agree that it was a much more profound experience than any photograph can reproduce. This is because human vision is incredibly complicated and robust. And it’s not just about resolution. Instead of images being created on film, CCD or CMOS, the visual image that we see with our eyes is created in the brain in a very complex way, creating an experience which is very different than what can be captured in a photograph. The Cambridge in Colour article Cameras vs. the Human Eye gives a good overview of some of the differences.
Also our visual experience of the starry sky is more one of “panorama” than focus on specific objects, or smaller sections of sky as is more often the case with space telescopes. This is why many of the more relatable photographs of the Milky Way are from ground based cameras, not from Hubble, as spectacular as those are in their own way.
Hubble Milky Way (source: NASA/ESA)
The Rising Milky Way over Uluru (photo by: Eddie Yip, source Wikimedia Commons, CC BY-SA 2.0)
A regular 35mm camera used on the Moon would likely create a more visually stunning photograph of the lunar sky than any of the scientific instruments that have operated there. The Apollo astronauts had 35mm and 70mm film cameras with them, but they were pretty busy during their EVA’s, they took a lot of photos of the Moon’s surface as well as documenting their activities, but unfortunately they didn’t have any leisure time available for astrophotography. Hopefully this will be an activity that future lunar explorers will engage in when Moon missions are of longer duration. Those photos will hopefully provide a better answer to your question "what does starry sky on Moon look like?" than the past and current instruments are capable of.
Although even then, the photographs that they produce will likely not be nearly as impressive as what you can experience yourself by making a trek to a dark sky location on a clear winter night.