Linked Questions

59
votes
6answers
11k views

When was Newton “not good enough” for spaceflight; first use and first absolute requirement for relativistic corrections?

Concepts in Special Relativity (1905) and of General relativity (first developed between 1907 and 1915) substantially predated spaceflight; they were well known and had been tested well before objects ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

Why are Tiangong-1's Apogee and Perigee Graphs Wobbly?

The apogee and perigee graph of the Tiangong-1 space station, about to re-enter and break up Real Soon Now, is depicted in this graph (source: Wikipedia): Why are the graphs wobbly? Is it because the ...
7
votes
3answers
642 views

Did the spacecrafts Galileo or Juno use the Galilean moons for a gravity assist before entering Jovian orbit?

Galileo and Juno are the only two spacecraft to have entered orbit around Jupiter. Did either of them use one of the Galilean moons for a gravity brake before in order to enter a stable orbit around ...
5
votes
5answers
1k views

How to determine an algorithm for Low Earth Orbit propagation, considering perturbation from the moon, sun, etc?

I'm trying to determine an algorithm for orbit propagation for a satellite on LEO, with high accuracy in a six month time ...
4
votes
4answers
810 views

Python Libraries: Numerical Propagators and Access Calculations

I have written some of my own code in Matlab that performs two body unperturbed as well as J2 perturbed orbit propagation. I am shifting to a new environment that requires the use of Python, and can't ...
10
votes
1answer
606 views

Besides retarded gravitation, anything else to worry about when calculating MU69's orbit from scratch?

For fun I'd like to use Hubble Astrometric data for example the observations listed at the bottom here to numerically estimate the orbit of 2014 MU69 as well as its uncertainties. My plan is to use ...
5
votes
2answers
367 views

RIP Kepler, how shall we call your orbit? Does this cyclic flip-flop process have a name?

So long, and thanks for all the Fish Planets The captions in the NASA Ames Research Center video What Will Happen to NASA’s Kepler Spacecraft? read as follows: NASA’s Kepler space telescope found ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Calculating the planets and moons based on Newtons's gravitational force

I am trying to understand how to calculate the orbits of solar system bodies in an n-body framework, based on the pair-wise gravitational interaction between the objects. At present, I am considering ...
10
votes
1answer
481 views

Does NASA use Newtonian model of gravity for plotting the course of Juno or general relativity?

With the huge mass of Jupiter and its fast, approximately 10 hours daily rotation, there may be substantial twisting of space-time around it. A distortion of such magnitude that may call for ...
2
votes
3answers
305 views

Do Curiosity's reported measurements of Mars' surface gravity (~3.717 m/s^2) include centrifugal effects?

In this answer I discuss the first results in the 47th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (2016) conference paper First Gravity Traverse on the Martian Surface from the Curiosity Rover and a more ...
8
votes
2answers
384 views

How to calculate the very special orbit of 2020 SO

From a NASA JPL page: Earth May Have Captured a 1960s-Era Rocket Booster Source (Sorry, I got an error when I tried to include an animated gif.) 2020 SO was captured by Earth's gravity on Nov. 8, ...
3
votes
2answers
310 views

Calculating spacecraft thrust manoeuvres with JPL data

I've recently programmed an animated simulation of the main elements (core planets and Sun) of our solar system: by using the initial coordinates from the JPL (Jet Propulsion Laboratory - NASA) ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Calculating J2 perturbations in cartesian coordinates?

I am an engineering student and we have taken upon a project that involves modelling the motion of earth satellites. So far we have a model that uses numerical symplectic integration to solve the ...
3
votes
2answers
845 views

Propagating satellites without TLE in python

I know how to propagate satellites in python using ephem module (that uses TLE data). However, I am not sure how I would do the same for my own set of orbital ...
6
votes
1answer
464 views

How to determine an orbit of a satellite for a collision detection?

I'm trying to validate an collision detector, and for that I'm starting from a pair of initial conditions for a satellite. After that I will use an RK method to integrate. How can I determine a pair ...

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